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&2                                                    L1GKVDA&7

Krishna eventually found it desirable to abandon If athura, and with the whole
clan of YMavs retired to the Bay of Kaehk   There he founded the flourishing
city of Dwaraka, which at some later period was totally submerged in the sea.
WMIe he was reigning at Bwaraki, the great war for the throne of Indrapras-
iha (Delhi) arose between the five sons of Fandu and Durjodhan, the son of
Bluitamshtra.   Krishna allied Mmself with the Pandav princes, who were his
cousins on the mother's side, and was the main cause of their ultimate triumph.
Before its commencement Krishna had invaded Magadha, marching by a cir-
cuitous route through Tirhiit and so taking Jarasandha by surprise: his capital
was forced to surrender, and he himself slain in battle.   Still, after his death,
Kama, a cousin of Krishna's of illegitimate birtb, was placed on the throne of
Mathma snd maintained there by the influence of the Kanravas, Krishna's ene-
mies : a clear proof that the latter's retirement to Dwaraka, was involuntary,

Whether die above narrative has or has not any historical foundation, it is
certain that Krishna was celebrated as a gallant warrior prince for many ages
before he was metamorphosed into the amatory swain who now, under the title
of Kanhaiya, is worshipped throughout India.   He is first mentioned in the
MaMbMrat, the most voluminous of all Sanskrit poems, consisting in the
printed edition of $1,000 couplets.   There he figures simply as the King of
Bw&raka and ally of the P&mlavs i nor in the whole length of the poem, of which
he is to a great extent the hero, is any aBusion whatever made to his early
life, except In one disputed passage.   Hence it may be presumed that his boyish
frolics aŁ Mathiiri and Brinda-fean? which now alone dwell in popular memory,
are all subsequent inventions.   They are related at length in the Hajivansa,
wMch is a comparatively modem sequel to ihe Mahsbharat,* and with still
greater circumstantiality in some of the later Pur&nas, which probably in their
present form date no further back than the tenth century alter Christ.    So rapid
h&s been the development of the original idea when once planted in the congenial
soil of the sensuous East, that while in none of the more genuine Pur&nas,
evem tkw© specially devoted to the inculcation of Vaishnava doctrines, is so
mndt as the name mentioned of Ms favourite mistress, Badha; she now is jointly
enthroned with him in every shrine and cMms a full half of popular devotion.
ordinary Hindus the tecognizeil authority for his life and exploits is

9 Thongfc nMHf episodes of Met date hc?e been interpolated* the oampofitlon of the main.
My of HM H^Mbkim m&j irlttg ione coaMezxce be rc&md to lie etoond or tMfd oe&ttuj